The unveiling of the Android platform on 5 November 2007 was announced with the founding of the Open Handset Alliance, a consortium of 34 hardware, software, and telecom companies devoted to advancing open standards for mobile devices. Google has pledged to make most of the Android platform available under the Apache free-software and open-source license.

In July 2005, Google acquired Android, Inc., a small startup company based in Palo Alto, CA. Android's co-founders who went to work at Google included Andy Rubin (co-founder of Danger), Rich Miner (co-founder of Wildfire Communications, Inc.), Nick Sears (once VP at T-Mobile), and Chris White (one of the first engineers at WebTV). At the time, little was known about the functions of Android, Inc. other than they made software for mobile phones. This began rumors that Google was planning to enter the mobile phone market, although it was unclear what function it might perform in that market.

At Google, the team, led by Rubin, developed a Linux-based mobile device OS which they marketed to handset makers and carriers on the premise of providing a flexible, upgradeable system. It was reported that Google had already lined up a series of hardware component and software partners and signaled to carriers that it was open to various degrees of cooperation on their part.

More speculation that Google would be entering the mobile-phone market came in December 2006. Reports from the BBC and The Wall Street Journal noted that Google wanted its search and applications on mobile phones and it was working hard to deliver that. Print and online media outlets soon reported rumors that Google was developing a Google-branded handset. More speculation followed reporting that as Google was defining technical specifications, it was showing prototypes to mobile phone manufacturers and network operators. As many as 30 prototype phones are reported to be operating "in the wild." Phoronix had reported that Google wanted to team up on the GPhone with OpenMoko, a project to create a smartphone platform using free software, including the Linux kernel, but Network World reported that Google’s phone was actually a mobile operating system, rather than a specific hardware device.

On September 23, 2008 at a press conference in New York, watched by thousands over the internet via a live web link, T-mobile announce first phone running Google Android is the T-Mobile G1. It is expected to go on sale in the UK early November.

The full history can be found at the following Wikipedia link:
Android Mobile Device Platform

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